Ghashghaie

The Ghashghais, one of the largest Persian tribes, partly nomadic and partly sedentary inhabit the region north-west of Shiraz extending to the border of the Mahallat province. Ghashgai carpets consist entirely of wool, which is of the highest quality, very springy and with a silky lustre. Vegetable dyes are used exclusively, and even among the ...

The Ghashghais, one of the largest Persian tribes, partly nomadic and partly sedentary inhabit the region north-west of Shiraz extending to the border of the Mahallat province. Ghashgai carpets consist entirely of wool, which is of the highest quality, very springy and with a silky lustre. Vegetable dyes are used exclusively, and even among the most recent productions it is rare to find one in which artificial dyes have been used. In many the ground is dark blue, probably so that the dark wool of the sheep can be used in their manufacture; a reddish brown is also used. As to the pattern, a somewhat compressed form of the Farahan design is often seen, while floral ornaments and representation of plans or scrubs are frequent. In former times, the ornaments often included the Indian leaf, and small stylized domestic animals, apparently dogs, sheep, fowls etc. Some decades ago a design not infrequently used was the so called Ashkali pattern. While the basis of the main Ashkali design consists largely of geometric rosettes, the border often has a pattern of rosettes; the border often has a pattern of rosettes separated one from another by a sloping line. Between each pair or rosettes lie two comb-like formations in a slanting position.

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