Hamedan, Iran

A Persian city, lying at an altitude of 6,500 feet (1981,2 m), and an important center of the carpet industry. Since carpets are woven in the whole of the surrounding region, it is out surprising that in the city itself a great number of accessory industries are established. The wool is often spun in the city, and is then sent into the country, ...

A Persian city, lying at an altitude of 6,500 feet (1981,2 m), and an important center of the carpet industry. Since carpets are woven in the whole of the surrounding region, it is out surprising that in the city itself a great number of accessory industries are established. The wool is often spun in the city, and is then sent into the country, where weaving is carried on as in Hamadan itself. Hamadan is also a center for the dyeing of yarn. Though carpets have been produced there for centuries, not all those described as Hamadans come from the city itself, but from the surrounding districts. The older Hamadan carpets were coloured exclusively with vegetable dyes, but in the city itself, since the 1880s the industry has gradually adopted the use of anilne colours. It is principally the red which is an aniline colour, vegetable dyes being employed for the other colours. Formerly madder was used for all tones of red and also a dye which is very seldom met with elsewhere in Persia (its use is known only in certain of the older Shiraz carpets, or saddle-bags) namely Laqi or Shellac, which comes from India. The stuff is produced by an insect that lives under the bark of the banyan tree. The insect makes the tree exude a gum-shellac. This is used in the manufacture of varnishes and lacquers. The residue yields a dyestuff from which a red like cochineal can be obtained. In India it is often used for the finest carpets. The Indians call the colour “laq” or “Persians laqi”.

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